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My last blog advocated that we must strike a blow forward into time.

WHY?   Because if we do not we are all going to end up as commodities.

There are thousands of World Organisations that I am sure are doing good work but if you look at the four bigger World Organisations you would be prompted to ask are they fit for purpose.

So let’s have a look.

The World Bank:

Established in 1945.  Now owned by 185 countries its primary goals were to eradicate poverty, fight disease, reduce corruption, and not making a profit which it has of $3 billion in the last three years.

In Fact big business indirectly owns the World Bank because it sell bonds to big business and in doing so secures contracts for these de facto business earning fees.  It has implemented policies such as Structural Adjustment, Deregulation, Privatization.

The question is has any country where it has operated risen to prosperity, or does its profit-making play a note or its big donors play a role.

The IMF:

Founded in 1945 to help operate a system of fixed exchange rates in which currencies were pegged to the dollar, in turn fixed with respect to gold in order to encourage International trade lasted till 1971 when it was forced to find a new raison d’être. This it did when Mexico and other Latin American countries announced they could not meet the Interest and principle payments on their large borrowings from oversea commercial Banks.

Along came the USA who dished out bridging loan to these countries and this is where the IMF stepped in to monitor these bridging loans arrangements and provide additional funds if they were satisfied with policy progress that the debtors were making.  However its big break came when the Soviet Union collapsed. It started to give advice how to move from communism to a market economy.  The countries who took its advice received big financial rewards.

Developing into what it is today a pawnbroker that imposes programs requiring Governments to reform their financial institutions ( state-owned to private)  making substantial changes to their economic structures and political behavior. For example Indonesia in exchange for a £40 billion package( more than 25% of Indonesia’s GDP) the IMF set fuel prices down to the manner of selling plywood.

It’s now seen by many as the imposer of painful contractions and radical reform.

It is my view that it needs to return to a narrower agenda. Rather than waiting for a country to get into trouble it should be seen more as a client focused and supportive organisation. This would require not just a refurbished IMF which by the way would be far to expensive but a complete new International Monetary System. The current global financial crises could not more strongly support this if we are all to enjoy the benefits of Globalization.

NATO:

Founded out of fear in 1949.

Original Goal to ensure a collective Security of the West against the Eastern bloc. Now its goal is to safeguard freedom and security of its members through political and military means.

It reinvented itself after the fall of the Iron Curtain and now has 28 Independent Member Countries.

A collective reluctant soldier as it like to call itself in a world with 15 tons of high explosives for every man woman and child in the world and where a nuclear war would prove to be an act of mutual suicide. A somewhat inept organisation as shown by Afghanistan Iraq and now the Ukraine.

THe United Nations:

Inception 1945.

193 members vetoed by five permanent members. Lovely known as a gossip shop its budget has doubled over the last decade. Understandable you could say ( Iraq, Afghanistan, Syria) but over its fifty years of existence the budget for 2012/2013 had a 5% reduction approved is one of the only reductions achieved to date.

It is a public Enterprise whose agencies spend more than $36 billion annually.  Yet there is no real transparency or accountability. Just try to get a financial or Audit information especially among the diverse UN Funds on its website.  It has over 10,000 mandates many of which are obsolete and redundant.   See list below. It is quite obvious that it must shrink or shed non-core functions and entities.

For example it has being counting eligible voters in the western Sahara since 1978.

It is incapable of change from the inside so we the citizens of the world must lodge a resolution demanding change.

Peacekeeping Fact Sheet

Fact Sheet as of 28 February 2014

[Note: statistical information on civilian personnel is as of 30 November 2013, unless otherwise specified]

  • Peacekeeping operations since 1948: 68*
  • Current peacekeeping operations: 15*
  • Current peace operations directed by the Department of Peacekeeping Operations: 16**

[*With the establishment of the UN Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in the Central African Republic (MINUSCA) on 10 April 2014, as of that date the number peacekeeping operations since 1948 is 69; the number of current peacekeeping operations is 16 and the number of current peace operations led by DPKO is 17.]

[**In addition to peacekeeping operations, DPKO directs one political mission: the United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA).]

Personnel

  • Uniformed personnel: 98,056
    • Troops: 83,154
    • Police: 13,056
    • Military observers: 1,846
  • Civilian personnel: 16,942 (as of 30 November 2013)
    • International: 5,233
    • Local: 11,709
  • UN Volunteers: 2,025
  • Total number of personnel serving in 15 peacekeeping operations: 117,023
  • Total number of personnel serving in 16 DPKO-led peace operations: 118,799
  • Countries contributing uniformed personnel: 122
  • Total fatalities: 1,441

Financial aspects

  • Approved resources for the period from 1 July 2013 to 30 June 2014: about $7.83 billion
  • Outstanding contributions to peacekeeping 28 February 2014): about $2.36 billion

Current operations

United Nations Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara (MINURSO)

In Western Sahara since April 1991
Strength: 508 total, including:

  • Uniformed personnel: 229
    • Troops: 23
    • Military observers: 201
    • Police: 5
  • Civilian personnel: 264
    • International civilians: 96
    • Local civilians: 168
  • UN Volunteers: 15

Fatalities: 15

Approved budget (07/2013 – 06/2014): $60,475,700
[A/C.5/68/21 PDF Document]

United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in the Central African Republic (MINUSCA)

In the Central African Republic since April 2014
Authorized strength:

  • Uniformed personnel:  11,820*
    • Military personnel: 10,000 (including 240 military observers and 200 staff officers)
    • Police: 1,820 (including 1,400 formed units personnel, 400 individual police officers and 20 corrections officers)
  • Civilian personnel: N/A
    • An appropriate significant civilian component

*Scheduled for deployment starting 15 September 2014

Fatalities:  None

Approved budget: N/A

United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA)

In Mali since April 2013
Strength:  7,551 including:

  • Uniformed personnel:  7,093
    • Troops:  6,137
    • Military observers: 0
    • Police:  956
  • Civilian personnel:  400
    • International civilians:  287
    • Local civilians:  113
  • UN Volunteers: 58

Fatalities:  8

Approved budget: (07/2013 – 06/2014): $602,000,000 [A/C.5/68/21 PDF Document]

United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH)

In Haiti since June 2004
Strength:  9,991 total, including:

  • Uniformed personnel: 8,207
    • Troops:  5,794
    • Police:  2,413
  • Civilian personnel: 1,615
    • International civilians: 373
    • Local civilians: 1,242
  • UN Volunteers: 169

Fatalities: 176

Approved budget (07/2013 – 06/2014): $576,619,000 [A/C.5/68/21PDF Document]

United Nations Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO)

In Democratic Republic of the Congo since July 2010
Strength: 25,770 total, including:

  • Uniformed personnel: 21,245
    • Troops: 19,558
    • Military observers: 502
    • Police: 1,185
  • Civilian personnel: 3,969
    • International civilians: 990
    • Local civilians: 2,979
  • UN Volunteers: 556

Fatalities: 70

Approved budget 07/2013 – 06/2014): $1,456,378,300 [A/C.5/68/21 PDF Document]

African Union-United Nations Hybrid Operation in Darfur (UNAMID)

In Darfur since July 2007
Strength: 23,613 total, including:

  • Uniformed personnel: 19,192
    • Troops: 14,354
    • Military observers: 330
    • Police: 4,508
  • Civilian personnel: 4,017
    • International civilians: 1,060
    • Local civilians: 2,957
  • UN Volunteers: 404

Fatalities: 191

Approved budget (07/2013 – 06/2014): $1,335,248,000 [A/C.5/68/21 PDF Document]

United Nations Disengagement Observer Force (UNDOF)

In Syria since June 1974
Strength: 1,389 total, including:

  • Uniformed personnel: 1,243
    • Troops: 1,243
  • Civilian personnel: 146
    • International civilians: 47
    • Local civilians: 99

Fatalities: 45

Approved budget (07/2013 – 06/2014): ): $60,654,500 [A/C.5/68/21 PDF Document]

United Nations Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP)

In Cyprus since March 1964
Strength: 1,073 total, including:

  • Uniformed personnel: 924
    • Troops: 857
    • Police: 67
  • Civilian personnel: 149
    • International civilians: 39
    • Local civilians: 110

Fatalities: 181

Approved budget (07/2013 – 06/2014): $56,604,300, including voluntary contributions from Cyprus and Greece [A/C.5/68/21 PDF Document]

United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL)

In Lebanon since March 1978
Strength: 11,149 total, including:

  • Uniformed personnel: 10,200
    • Troops: 10,200
  • Civilian personnel: 949
    • International civilians: 315
    • Local civilians: 634

Fatalities:303

Approved budget (07/2013 – 06/2014): $492,622,000 [A/C.5/68/21 PDF Document]

United Nations Interim Security Force for Abyei (UNISFA)

In Abyei, Sudan since June 2011
Strength: 4,293 total, including:

  • Uniformed personnel: 4,111
    • Troops: 3,955
    • Military observers: 133
    • Police: 23
  • Civilian personnel: 163
    • International civilians: 104
    • Local civilians: 59
  • UN Volunteers: 19

Fatalities: 13

Approved budget (07/2013 – 06/2014): $329,108,600 [A/C.5/68/21 PDF Document]

United Nations Mission in the Republic of South Sudan (UNMISS)

In South Sudan since July 2011
Strength: 11,102 total, including:

  • Uniformed personnel: 8,494
    • Troops: 7,327
    • Military observers: 152
    • Police: 1,015
  • Civilian personnel: 2,202
    • International civilians: 869
    • Local civilians: 1,333
  • UN Volunteers: 406

Fatalities: 25

Approved budget(07/2013 – 06/2014): $924,426,000 [A/C.5/68/21 PDF Document]

United Nations Operation in Côte d’Ivoire (UNOCI)

In Côte d’Ivoire since April 2004
Strength: 10,767 total, including:

  • Uniformed personnel: 9,455
    • Troops: 7,957
    • Military observers: 182
    • Police: 1, 316
  • Civilian personnel: 1,162
    • International civilians: 400
    • Local civilians: 762
  • UN Volunteers: 150

Fatalities: 118

Approved budget (07/2012 – 06/2013): $584,487,000 [A/C.5/68/21 PDF Document]

United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK)

In Kosovo since June 1999
Strength: 367 total, including:

  • Uniformed personnel: 15
    • Military observers: 8
    • Police: 7
  • Civilian personnel: 325
    • International civilians: 114
    • Local civilians: 211
  • UN Volunteers: 27

Fatalities: 55

Approved budget (07/2013 – 06/2014): $44,953,000 [A/C.5/68/21 PDF Document]

United Nations Mission in Liberia (UNMIL)

In Liberia since September 2003
Strength: 8,947 total, including:

  • Uniformed personnel: 7,446
    • Troops: 5,749
    • Military observers: 136
    • Police: 1,561
  • Civilian personnel: 1,280
    • International civilians: 420
    • Local civilians: 860
  • UN Volunteers: 221

Fatalities: 181

Approved budget (07/2013 – 06/2014): $476,329,800 [A/C.5/68/21PDF Document]

United Nations Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan (UNMOGIP)

In India and Pakistan since January 1949
Strength: 110 total, including:

  • Uniformed personnel: 42
    • Military observers: 42
  • Civilian personnel: 68
    • International civilians: 24
    • Local civilians: 44

Fatalities: 11

Appropriation (biennium 2014-2015): $19,647,100

United Nations Truce Supervision Organization (UNTSO)

In Middle East since May 1948
Strength: 393 total, including:

  • Uniformed personnel: 160
    • Military observers: 160
  • Civilian personnel: 233
    • International civilians: 95
    • Local civilians: 138

Fatalities: 50

Appropriation (biennium 2014 – 2015): $74,291,900

 

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