In 1975 the UK held a referendum on continued membership of the European Community. This wasn’t presented just as a trade agreement.
Other issues discussed at the time related to security, European funding for UK industries and regions, and aid to developing countries.
That’s not to say that anyone in 1975 knew what the EU would be like in 2019, or how much it would change in the following years.
The EU has grown from 9 European Community member countries in 1975 to 28 today.
Of the five main institutions which run the EU today, four were in place by 1975: the European Parliament, the Council of the European Union, the European Commission and the Court of Justice. Other bodies have been added since, including the European Council which defines the political direction and agenda of the EU.
Since 1975, the UK has signed up to five more “main treaties” which have extended the powers of what became the European Community and then the EU.
Every EU country, including the UK, agreed to these.
The EU now has “competences” or powers in a wider range of policies including consumer protection, energy and climate change, security and crime. In some areas, the EU’s powers are exclusive, while in others they are shared with, or support, member states’ decisions.
However, in 1975 the aims of the European Community largely concerned trade.
The British government has voted against EU laws 2% of the time since 1999.
If the UK leaves without a deal, all changes.
A no-deal well might be a bluff in the British government’s negotiations with the EU but it will unleash forces throughout Ireland and indeed the UK that England will be struggling with for years to come.
People like Boris have no understanding that a no-deal will be a recruiting sergeant for the disaffected to join the ranks of those committed to violent resistance no more so than in Northern Ireland.
You might ask why people like Boris have no or little concept of the Ugly side of Brexit.
The reason for this in regard to Ireland is plain to see. It is that Britain still thinks that Ireland should know its place.
The Political class of the UK still thinks that Ireland is a British colony and this strain of thought can still be seen to this day with Brexit.
Ireland is servile to Britain.
This is why England shows such disregard for the consequences of British political action on the economic and political stability of Ireland, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.
The real test is yet to come.
How the EU respond to the challenges which Brexit is creating for Ireland will determine whether the EU is indeed true to what it was set up for in the first place.
Any tampering, bulling or cherry-picking with the agreed backstop to appease an outgoing Britain Primister that has taken power with 0.02% of the electric can only be viewed as suicidal.
Indeed any agreement made with such a democratic leader cannot hold any water.
Come what may if a no-deal is the preference why not let it be so the.
The cost of a deal will, in the long run, outweigh a chaotic departure.
There is no such thing as a clean exit other than WTO agreements.
Under WTO countries cannot normally discriminate between their trading partners.
Grant someone a special favour (such as a lower customs duty rate for one of their products) and you have to do the same for all other WTO members. Most favoured nation terms mean that any concession the EU offers to one of its trading partners should also be applied to other partners. So if a tariff is cut for one partner, it should also be cut for all others, including the UK.
Countries which have a relationship based on WTO terms alone have much less favourable access to the EU Single Market. The EU imposes a common external tariff on countries outside. ( Remain)
The UK and the EU would still have a deal. An automatic deal under the all-embracing World Trade Organisation (WTO) rules.
Because the UK and EU are both WTO members in their own right and the WTO specifies WTO members must offer each other ‘Most Favoured Nation’ (MFN) deals.” (Leave)
Leave without a deal and the future rules on trade would depend on what kind of agreement if any, the UK reaches with the EU after its departure.
This means we simply do not know what barriers to trade in goods might be put in place or that matter the future trade rules on services.
This is because even at present for many service sector industries, the single market is far from complete and obstacles remain to true integration of the market.
Although there have been major adjustments to the original Treaty framework, the Single Market principles, as first conceived in 1958, have remained largely intact.
THEN WE COME TO THE BLAME GAME AS ALWAYS IT WILL TAKE TWO TO TANGO.
“Everybody lies.” It’s pretty easy just to lie and blame someone else even though you know you’re at fault. When you don’t succeed you find someone or something to blame for your failure. At the end of the day, someone has to pay.
The Political Class against the great unwashed – the voter.
Boris has found the backstop but the answer might be closer to home than most people care to admit. After all, as has been proved time and time again, the electorate always ends up with the politicians it deserves.
The more often you play the blame game, the more you lose
However much it hurts, voters must take their share of the blame.
That voters are angry and feel ‘betrayed’ rests entirely on their own heads.
The UK’s political duopoly no longer answers to the electorate, but now works exclusively on behalf of its global-corporate donors and has done for some time.
With a no-deal Britain will become ‘politically homeless,’ a psychological cul-de-sac constructed by individuals unwilling to engage all but superficially with the political process.
The tone surrounding Brexit has become increasingly bitter and accusatory in the last week.
Social media is overflowing with anger – at least from those who voted to leave the European Union. Who to blame – bureaucrats, civil servants, politicians, business leaders? Frustration is boiling over while the pound is heading for free fall and free speech dangles by a thread.
In order to succeed liars and charlatans like Boris first have to be believed. It’s a two-way thing. While swallowing the bait is easy, taking a step back to assess the evidence is always a much harder task, one that requires a certain degree of diligence as well as independence.
It’s not as if Brexit is the first time the Tories have said one thing and done another either.
The modern Tory party is abandoning its political heritage, it now openly derides and scorns the very principles upon which it has been established for 200 years.
The political blame game has started over the responsibility for a chaotic no-deal exit.
You could say that the EU is “not interested in the blame game.
Any further extension will only be given by Europe to give it time to prepare for a no-deal. In doing so it will ensure that Britain takes ownership of the no-deal and the responsibility for setting it right.
For the EU countries with the deepest trade ties with Britain — Ireland, the Netherlands, Germany, France, and Belgium — there are no illusions about how messy and costly a no-deal Brexit will be.
But hard Brexit will amount to an overnight legal revolution, and officials admit it is impossible to be fully prepared to manage the disorder after Brexit.
There is one thing for sure with a no-deal it will not be so easy to keep a grip on political events.
We should not underestimate the disorder and destabilisation there may be on both sides.
In today’s world, many of the threats to Britain’s security are global in nature.
Luckily there is one last hope.
Boris and his lot in a week have done more damage than Irish republicans, scots nationists. Three years ago he complained that the government spent £9 m on leaflets now is blowing £138m on billboards that should read ” Taxpayers Money”
So wake up Britain what is being done is in your name there is no allocating blame.
A General Election is definite after which the anger has to go somewhere.
Brexit will fail and stay will not be an option.
WTO must be answers and solutions to this General election Brexit vote.
All human comments appreciated. All like clicks and abuse chucked in the bin.